Cocksfoot/Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.)


Karyotype: 2n=2x=14; 2n=4x=28; 2n=6x=42

Jones K, Borrill M. (1962). Chromosomal status, gene exchange and evolution in Dactylis. 3. The role of the inter-ploid hybrids. Genetica 32:296-322. link

Genome size (1C, Mb): 4303 (6x)

Horjales M, Redondo N, Pérez B, Brown S. (1995). Presencia en Galicia de Dactylis glomerata L. Hexaploide. Boletim da Sociedada Broteriana (Ser. 2) 67: 223-230. link


Genetic maps:

Xie W, Robins JG, Bushman BS. (2012). A genetic linkage map of tetraploid orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) and quantitative trait loci for heading date. Genome 55: 360-369. link

Xie W, Zhang X, Cai H et al. (2011). Genetic maps of SSR and SRAP markers in diploid orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) using the pseudo-testcross strategy. Genome 54: 212-221. link


Whole genome sequencing:

Huang L, Feng G, Yan H et al. (2020). Genome assembly provides insights into the genome evolution and flowering regulation of orchardgrass. Plant Biotechnology Journal 18: 373-388. link

Transcriptome sequencing:

Qiao D, Zhang Y, Xiong X et al. (2020). Transcriptome analysis on responses of orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) leaves to a short term flooding. Hereditas 157. link

Klaas M, Haiminen N, Grant J et al. (2019). Transcriptome characterization and differentially expressed genes under flooding and drought stress in the biomass grasses Phalaris arundinacea and Dactylis glomerata. Annals of Botany 124: 717-730. link

Feng G, Huang L, Li J et al. (2017). Comprehensive transcriptome analysis reveals distinct regulatory programs during vernalization and floral bud development of orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.). BMC Plant Biology 17: 216. link