Red fescue (Festuca rubra L.)

Karyotype: 2n=6x=42; 2n=8x=56

Thomas HM, Humphreys MO. (1991). Progress and potential of interspecific hybrids of Lolium and Festuca. The Journal of Agricultural Science 117: 1-8. link

Genome size (1C, Mb): 6690 (6x), 8636 (8x)

Smarda P, Bures P, Horova L et al. (2008). Genome size and GC content evolution of Festuca: Ancestral expansion and subsequent reduction. Annals of Botany 101: 421-433. link

Loureiro J, Kopecky D, Castro S et al. (2007). Flow cytometric and cytogenetic analyses of Iberian Peninsula Festuca spp. Plant Systematics and Evolution 269: 89-105. link

cpDNA sequencing: 133,804 bp (cv. Navigator II); 133,814 bp (cv. Shoreline); 133,841 bp (cv. Treazure II)

Qiu Y, Hirsch CD, Yang Y and Watkins E (2019). Towards improved molecular identification tools in fine Fescue (Festuca L., Poaceae) turfgrasses: Nuclear genome size, ploidy, and chloroplast genome sequencing. Frontiers in Genetics 10:1223. link