Red clover (Trifolium pratensis L.)

Yan et al. (2022) genome assembly available here.

De Vega et al. (2015) genome assembly available here.

Istvanek et al. (2014) genome assembly available here.

Karyotype: 2n=2x=14

Sato S, Isobe S, Asamizu E et al. (2005). Comprehensive structural analysis of the genome of Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.). DNA Research 12: 301-364. link

Arurnuganathan K, Earle ED. (1991). Estimation of nuclear DNA content of plants by flow cytometry. Plant Molecular Biology Reporter 9: 221-231. link

Genome size (1C, Mb): 421 (2n=2x=16, Vižintin et al., 2006)

Vižintin L, Javornik B, Bohanec B. (2006). Genetic characterization of selected Trifolium species as revealed by nuclear DNA content and ITS rDNA region analysis. Plant Science 170: 859-866. link

Genetic maps:

Herrmann D, Boller B, Studer B et al. (2006). QTL analysis of seed yield components in red clover (Trifolium pratense L.). Theoretical and applied genetics, 112: 536-545. link

Isobe S, Klimenko I, Ivashuta S. (2003). First RFLP linkage map of red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) based on cDNA probes and its transferability to other red clover germplasm. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 108: 105-112. link

Whole genome sequencing:

Yan Z, Sang L, Ma Y et al. (2022). A de novo assembled high-quality chromosome-scale Trifolium pratense genome and fine-scale phylogenetic analysis. BMC Plant Biology 22: 332. link

De Vega JJ, Ayling S, Hegarty M et al. (2015). Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) draft genome provides a platform for trait improvement. Scientific Reports 5:17394. link

Istvanek J, Jaros M, Krenek A et al. (2014). Genome assembly and annotation for Red clover (Trifolium Pratense; Fabaceae). American Journal of Botany 101: 327-337. link

Transcriptome sequencing:

Herbert DB, Gross T, Rupp O and Becker A (2021). Transcriptome analysis reveals major transcriptional changes during regrowth after mowing of red clover (Trifolium pratense). BMC Plant Biology 21: 1-20. link

Chao Y, Yuan J, Li S et al. (2018). Analysis of transcripts and splice isoforms in red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) by single-molecule long-read sequencing. BMC Plant Biology 18: 300. link

Kovi MR, Amdahl H, Alsheikh M et al. (2017). De novo and reference transcriptome assembly of transcripts expressed during flowering provide insight into seed setting in tetraploid red clover. Scientific Reports 7: 44383. link

Chakrabarti M, Dinkins RD, Hunt AG. (2016). De novo transcriptome assembly and dynamic spatial gene expression analysis in Red clover. Plant Genome 9: 2. link

Yates S, Swain MT, Hegarty MJ et al. (2014). De novo assembly of red clover transcriptome based on RNA-Seq data provides insight into drought response, gene discovery and marker identification. BMC Genomics 15: 453. link


Jones C, De Vega J, Lloyd D et al. (2020). Population structure and genetic diversity in red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) germplasm. Scientific Reports 10:8364. link